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Rikas Medical
The leading provider of fertility treatments to couples in Ukraine since 2013.
58, Zhylyanska Str., Kyiv-01033, Ukraine






Egg Donation

Obviously, you would prefer to use your own eggs, but it is not always possible. Maybe you have already attempted to use your eggs during In vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment methods but had poor results. Alternatively, possibly you no longer have viable eggs due to menopause, chemotherapy, radiation, or any other medical reason. In some instances, you might have a genetic defect that you simply should not pass on for your offspring. In these situations, receiving eggs from another woman could be the response to your fertility concerns.

Egg donation enables you to have a pregnancy and deliver the baby. The donor offers the eggs, the eggs are fertilized from your partner’s sperm, and the resulting embryos are put in your uterus to carry your pregnancy.

Some women choose this method over adoption since it enables them to physically and psychologically experience pregnancy. Additionally they like it if the baby is genetically associated with their husband or boyfriend. It is vital that you realize that the baby is not genetically associated with you, as your eggs were not used. However, you clearly have a very natural role in this baby’s existence since you are the mother.

Choosing your egg donor

Selecting a woman to give her eggs is a huge deal, and it is both exciting and overwhelming. Two ways to carry out search for an egg donor are by asking someone whom you know or utilizing an anonymous donor.

Some women ask a relative or good friend to give their eggs. Family people might be highly considered simply because they carry genes that act like yours. Friends are valued because you are know them well and like them, and they possess desirable traits that the baby may inherit.

Other women choose to use anonymous contributors. Some fertility treatment centers have egg donation programs, where women donate their eggs in return for money. In addition, many fertility treatment centers encourage patients going through In vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments to give their leftover eggs for use by another woman. By donating their leftover eggs, these patients generally get a cost reduction for their own In vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment services. In either situation, the fertility clinic may have details about the woman so that you can check her physical and intellectual qualities. An alternative is that you should place an advertisement in a newspaper and find a donor by yourself.

Your physician and fertility clinic provide you with recommendations for choosing the very best egg donor for you personally. Additionally, here are a few things that you should consider: 

  • What age may be the donor? Ideally, egg contributors ought to be between 18 and 36. Ideally, the donor would have had her own child previously, and should be mature enough to know the implications of egg donation. A maximum age of 36 is suggested because younger women typically respond easier to ovulation induction by creating more high-quality embryos and therefore greater pregnancy rates than individuals over the age of 36. Also, women of age 36 or older possess a somewhat greater risk of genetic irregularities, for example Down syndrome,
  • Once you have narrowed it down, is more information regarding your top choices available? Egg donation programs usually require the contributors to develop a personal statement or questionnaire that highlights their education, hobbies, interests, and private habits. This may also include her reason behind attempting to donate her eggs and provide some understanding of her personality,
  • When your child reaches legal age, is this donor available to contact with the child who was conceived using her egg? Obviously, this can be a very personal decision. You do not have to determine if and how you will inform your children about their biological heritage at this time. However, it is useful to discover at this time whether connection with the biological mother is even a choice at some point in the distant future. Some parents do not want any connection with the donor. However, others want their kids to have the ability to locate the donor after they become adults.

The egg donation program

Your physician and specialists in the fertility clinic will show you how their egg donation program works. Furthermore, here are a few things that you should consider:

  • What kinds of screening tests will they perform to determine the health of the contributors? ASRM recommends initial and follow-up testing for anonymous and known contributors. Including:
    • Complete health background (including donor’s family, personal, and sexual history),
    • Physical exam,
    • Testing for STDs (should be negative within thirty days before egg donation),
    • Routine blood testing (for example blood type),
    • DNA testing that is ethnically based (for instance, cystic fibrosis for individuals of Caucasian descent),
  • What is the legal contract between your egg donor and the recipient? Ensure you possess a legally binding contract with the egg donor (when the egg donor program is not anonymous legally as in Ukraine for example). Even when the fertility clinic gives you an application, it is best to have a reproductive law attorney evaluate it. The key point would be that the agreement claims that the donor surrenders all legal rights towards the eggs and the children created from their eggs,
  • Is mental counseling offered or needed? Most medical professionals recommend professional counseling for the donor, the recipient, as well as their partners. Egg donation and the In vitro fertilization treatments process could be physically and psychologically hard for both sides. There are also ethical and social issues to learn more about. It is better to understand many of these questions before starting this difficult process,
  • What exactly is your pregnancy success rate using the egg donation process? Inquire about the pregnancy success at the particular fertility clinic. Based on ASRM, the typical live birth rate per transfer is about 43% for egg donor programs,
  • What is the number of embryos that you would transfer into my uterus? Make sure to discover your doctor’s practices. The main risk for egg donation programs is multiple gestations. Actually, the multiple pregnancy rates are about 30%, the majority of individuals being twins. The present trend is for the physician to limit the amount of embryos transferred to two in order to reduce the chances of high-order multiple pregnancies.

The way the egg donation procedure works

The process of egg donation is significantly more difficult compared to sperm donation. This happens because eggs cannot yet be effectively frozen. Therefore, the donor and the recipient should have their hormonal cycles modified so that they coincide with each other. This way, eggs can be taken from the donor and implanted in to the intended mother within a few hours. Egg donation can also be more difficult than sperm donation because eggs are significantly harder to acquire. Whereas sperm can be simply acquired from ejaculate on the same day, the ovary should be hormonally stimulated to induce ovulation after which an egg retrieval procedure should be completed to harvest the eggs.

Modifying the Hormonal Cycles of the Donor and the Recipient

Both women must undergo hormonal preparation to synchronize their cycles. Fertility medications are utilized to stimulate ovulation in the donor. The recipient should also take fertility medications to organize her uterine lining to receive and hopefully implant the moved embryos. Your fertility physician will show you the precise medications, their timing, and the necessary protocol needs. The aim would be to hormonally prepare the donor for egg production and retrieval and to prepare your uterus to get the embryos that will be moved. Ultrasound and bloodstream tests might be carried out to make sure that both donor and recipient are correctly prepared and able to proceed.

Egg Retrieval from the Donor

When the eggs are matured, the donor will undergo an egg retrieval procedure. The conventional In vitro fertilization treatments technique with ultrasound and needle are used to extract the eggs through the donor’s vagina. When the eggs are gathered, they are transferred to the laboratory, where they are evaluated for maturity and quality. The healthiest eggs will be inseminated using the male partner’s sperm utilizing the same fertilization technique as with In vitro fertilization treatments.

Embryo Transfer towards the Recipient

The embryos are moved into the recipient’s uterus inside a couple of days after fertilization within the laboratory. The process employed for embryo transfer is the same as with the In vitro fertilization treatments, in which a special catheter and syringe are put through the cervix and the embryos are placed into the uterus. The hormones are used to help the embryos implant, grow, and develop. Pregnancy tests and ultrasound are carried out within a few days to verify pregnancy.

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